Download Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism: Parcham and Khalq PDF

Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism: Parcham and Khalq


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Publisher : Hoover Press
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ISBN : 0817977937
Pages : pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (797 download)

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Download PDF Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism: Parcham and Khalq by Anthony Arnold and published by Hoover Press. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On December 27, 1979, the USSR invaded Afghanistan to save an endangered communist regime. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, founded in 1965 but almost immediately riven into two hostile wings, had been induced by Moscow into unifying in 1977 in order to seize power the following year. Within weeks, however, the majority Khalqi faction had driven out the rival Parchamis, only to discover that its rigid Marxism-Leninism was no match for Islam. As the Khalqi position deteriorated, Moscow thought to regain control by forceful replacement of the PDPA leaders with Parchamis. Instead, their invasion only consolidated popular determination to eject an alien ideology. In Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism, Anthony Arnold brings these dramatic developments to life, examining Parcham and Khalq in the context of the cultural, ethnic, and class factors that distinguish their leaders and separate constituencies. He analyzes the PDPA's development through 1982 and closes with speculation on the degree of Soviet commitment to communism in Afghanistan. Written in a lively, penetrating style, yet with a wealth of detail and analysis, Arnold's book reflects the intimate feel for the country that he acquired while serving there. His multilingual source material includes hitherto classified documents, and the appendixes (biographic sketches of PDPA leaders, translations of key party documents, charts of party and state personnel changes) will provide valuable sources for other researchers.

Download Afghanistan PDF

Afghanistan


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Publisher : Hoover Press
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ISBN : 0817982132
Pages : 157 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (798 download)

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Download PDF Afghanistan by Anthony Arnold and published by Hoover Press. This book was released on 1985-06-01 with total page 157 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On December 27, 1979, the USSR invaded Afghanistan to save an endangered communist regime. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, founded in 1965 but almost immediately riven into two hostile wings, had been induced by Moscow into unifying in 1977 in order to seize power the following year. Within weeks, however, the majority Khalqi faction had driven out the rival Parchamis, only to discover that its rigid Marxism-Leninism was no match for Islam. As the Khalqi position deteriorated, Moscow thought to regain control by forceful replacement of the PDPA leaders with Parchamis. Instead, their invasion only consolidated popular determination to eject an alien ideology. In Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism, Anthony Arnold brings these dramatic developments to life, examining Parcham and Khalq in the context of the cultural, ethnic, and class factors that distinguish their leaders and separate constituencies. He analyzes the PDPA's development through 1982 and closes with speculation on the degree of Soviet commitment to communism in Afghanistan. Written in a lively, penetrating style, yet with a wealth of detail and analysis, Arnold's book reflects the intimate feel for the country that he acquired while serving there. His multilingual source material includes hitherto classified documents, and the appendixes (biographic sketches of PDPA leaders, translations of key party documents, charts of party and state personnel changes) will provide valuable sources for other researchers.

Download Afghanistan PDF

Afghanistan


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ISBN : UCAL:C3501270
Pages : 758 pages
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Download PDF Afghanistan by Bahar Jalali and published by . This book was released on 2005 with total page 758 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Afghanistan at War: From the 18th-Century Durrani Dynasty to the 21st Century PDF

Afghanistan at War: From the 18th-Century Durrani Dynasty to the 21st Century


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Publisher : ABC-CLIO
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ISBN : 9781598847604
Pages : 581 pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (76 download)

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Download PDF Afghanistan at War: From the 18th-Century Durrani Dynasty to the 21st Century by Tom Lansford and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2017-02-16 with total page 581 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Covering wars and conflicts of Afghanistan from the modern founding of the country in the 1700s to the contemporary struggle with the Taliban, this single-volume reference analyzes the causes and results of Afghanistan's wars and examines leading political and military figures, weapons, and tactics. • Provides readers with a thorough background on the wars of Afghanistan that allows them to understand the influence of past conflicts on current strife • Enables a more complete appreciation of the ethnic and religious complexities that fuel the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan • Examines how past Afghan conflicts contributed to the rise of terrorism and figures such as Osama bin Laden • Presents an accessible explanation of the "Great Game" for power and influence by imperial Russia and Great Britain in the 1800s and the impact of this contest on Afghanistan

Download Conflict in Afghanistan PDF

Conflict in Afghanistan


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Publisher : ABC-CLIO
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ISBN : 9781851094028
Pages : 377 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (42 download)

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Download PDF Conflict in Afghanistan by Frank Clements and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2003 with total page 377 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Provides information on key figures, events, and organizations in Afghanistan from 1747, when the state was formed, to the current conflict with the Taliban.

Download The New Insurgencies PDF

The New Insurgencies


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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 9781351478656
Pages : 312 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (865 download)

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Download PDF The New Insurgencies by Michael Radu and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-09-29 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The appearance of ideologically motivated anti-communist insurgent groups in the Third World is an important new phenomenon that has received little serious attention. Analysis has focused on American attitudes, while the indigenous roots and motivations of such groups have remained largely unexplored. Michael Radu fills in the gap in The New Insurgencies, with case studies and contributions from Anthony Arnold, Paul Henze, Justus van de Kroef, and Jack Wheeler.As the authors show, more often than not, Third World anti-communist insurgencies express a general rejection of values and ideologies from outsiders. Many of these insurgencies reflect violent opposition to regimes installed by the Soviets during the 1970s, yet they only rarely articulate a struggle for liberal democracy. Nationalism, religion, or the preservation of traditional political and economic patterns are more often the true motivations. And while insurgents often apply military and occasionally political methods used by successful Marxist-Leninist insurgencies of this century, they tend to be rural based and close to the aspirations of the peasant masses rather than directed by the educated and urbanized elites.The New Insurgencies includes case studies of major anti-communist movements today, including those in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Angola, and Nicaragua. It shows that in each, the role of local powers such as South Africa, Thailand, and Pakistan rather than direct U.S. support has been critical to the insurgents' effectiveness. In part this may be because the old bipartisan Washington consensus based on anti-communism has evaporated; and Radu explores why this has occurred.Regardless of Washington's support, the new insurgencies are likely to persist. Their impact on U.S., Soviet, and world policy will be profound. The New Insurgencies combines extensive use of firsthand data, including personal knowledge of some of the major personalities involved, with extensive bibliogra

Download Fundamentalism Reborn? PDF

Fundamentalism Reborn?


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Publisher : C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
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ISBN : 1850653607
Pages : 253 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (65 download)

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Download PDF Fundamentalism Reborn? by William Maley and published by C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS. This book was released on 1998 with total page 253 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The eyes of the world

Download Superpowers Defeated PDF

Superpowers Defeated


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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 9781136316579
Pages : 288 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (657 download)

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Download PDF Superpowers Defeated by Douglas A. Borer and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-02-01 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the Cold War, military conflicts in Vietnam and Afghanistan validated the importanct of war in global power dynamics. But military intervention proved not to be politically sustainable for the USA and the USSR. This study investigates the parallels and differences in the two conflicts.

Download The Armed Forces In Contemporary Asian Societies PDF

The Armed Forces In Contemporary Asian Societies


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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 9781000314731
Pages : 368 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (473 download)

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Download PDF The Armed Forces In Contemporary Asian Societies by Edward A Olsen and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-02-26 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: First published in 1986. This book integrates current knowledge about the military, political, economic, and cultural roles of the armed forces in sixteen Asian countries, examining the interplay of these factors and their bearing on each society's civil-military relations. The authors explore the history, current status, and potential future course of each country. Analyzing all key Asian armed forces, they provide a comprehensive view of the military's domestic role-a crucial factor in assessing the foreign and defense policy options facing Asia as a whole.

Download Moscow's Third World Strategy PDF

Moscow's Third World Strategy


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Publisher : Princeton University Press
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ISBN : 9780691228037
Pages : 328 pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (83 download)

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Download PDF Moscow's Third World Strategy by Alvin Z. Rubinstein and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2021-04-13 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The description for this book, Moscow's Third World Strategy, will be forthcoming.

Download Why Allies Rebel PDF

Why Allies Rebel


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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 9781108490108
Pages : 370 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (1 download)

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Download PDF Why Allies Rebel by Barbara Elias and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-07-02 with total page 370 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Analysing policy documents from nine counterinsurgency wars, Elias asks why powerful militaries have difficulty managing local partners. Revealing a critical political dynamic in military interventions, this book will appeal to academics and policymakers addressing counterinsurgency issues in foreign policy, security studies and political science.

Download Soviet-American Relations with Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan PDF

Soviet-American Relations with Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan


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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 9781349085538
Pages : 431 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (553 download)

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Download PDF Soviet-American Relations with Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan by Hafeez Malik and published by Springer. This book was released on 1987-03-02 with total page 431 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is a collective volume on Soviet-American relations with the three rimland states of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The contributors argue that what happens in these three states would ultimately affect the states in the Gulf and the Middle East. The USA maintains friendly relations only with Pakistan, while her relations with Iran and Afghanistan are antagonistic. The future penetration of the Soviet influence in Iran and Afghanistan is assessed and probable scenarios are discussed by the seventeen contributors, who represent the military, diplomacy and academia. The concluding chapter synthesizes the discussions and the criticism of various papers. The book is the most up-to-date thorough analysis of superpower relations with the three neighbouring states of the Soviet Union currently available.

Download Crossing Boundaries PDF

Crossing Boundaries


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Publisher : Lexington Books
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ISBN : 9780739181317
Pages : 324 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (131 download)

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Download PDF Crossing Boundaries by Brian D. Behnken and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2013-06-27 with total page 324 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Crossing Boundaries: Ethnicity, Race, and National Belonging in a Transnational World, edited by Brian D. Behnken and Simon Wendt, explores ethnic and racial nationalism within a transnational and transcultural framework in the long twentieth-century (late nineteenth to early twenty-first century).

Download Afghanistan PDF

Afghanistan


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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 9780429841392
Pages : 176 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (139 download)

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Download PDF Afghanistan by Niamatullah Ibrahimi and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-11-28 with total page 176 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers an overview of the formation of the Afghan state and of the politics, economic challenges and international relations of contemporary Afghanistan. It opens with an account of some of the key features that make Afghanistan unique and proceeds to discuss how the Afghan state acquired a distinctive character as a rentier state. In addition, the authors outline a complex range of domestic and external factors that led to the breakdown of the state, and how that breakdown gave rise to a set of challenges with which Afghan political and social actors have been struggling to deal since the 2001 international intervention that overthrew the anti-modernist Taliban regime. It then presents the different types of politics that Afghanistan has witnessed over the last two decades; examines some of the most important features of the Afghan economy; and demonstrates how Afghanistan’s geopolitical location and international relations more broadly have complicated the task of promoting stability in the post-2001 period. It concludes with some reflections on the factors that are likely to shape Afghanistan’s future trajectory and notes that if there are hopes for a better future, they largely rest on the shoulders of a globalised generation of younger Afghans. This book will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of Middle East and Central Asian studies, international relations, politics, development studies and history.

Download Armies and State-building in the Modern Middle East PDF

Armies and State-building in the Modern Middle East


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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN : 9781786734419
Pages : 320 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (441 download)

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Download PDF Armies and State-building in the Modern Middle East by Stephanie Cronin and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2013-12-06 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The uprisings of 2011, which erupted so unexpectedly and spread across the Middle East, once again propelled the armies of the region to the centre of the political stage. Throughout the region, the experience of the first decade of the twenty-first century provides ample reason to re-examine Middle Eastern armies and the historical context which produced them. By adding an historical understanding to a contemporary political analysis, Stephanie Cronin examines the structures and activities of Middle Eastern armies and their role in state- and empire-building. Focusing on Iran, Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia, Armies, Tribes and States in the Middle East presents a clear and concise analysis of the nature of armies and the differing guises military reform has taken throughout the region. Covering the region from the birth of modern armies there in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, to the military revolutions of the 1950s and 60s and on to the twenty-first century army-building exercises seen in Iraq and Afghanistan, Cronin provides a unique and vital presentation of the role of the military in the modern Middle East.

Download Afghan Crucible PDF

Afghan Crucible


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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780198846017
Pages : 368 pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (61 download)

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Download PDF Afghan Crucible by and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2022-04-28 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers a new global history of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, exploring the conflict both within and beyond the framework of the Cold War, and focusing on many of the different groups involved in and impacted by the war of the 1980s.

Download Between States PDF

Between States


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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 0521484987
Pages : 326 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (148 download)

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Download PDF Between States by Yossi Shain and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1995-05-26 with total page 326 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On interim governments.